The Bujang Valley Archaeological Museum is the only museum in Malaysia to display archaeological artefacts dating back to existence of international trade and development of the Hindu Buddha religion in Southeast Asia in the 3rd-12th century. This museum is located at the top of Bukit Batu Pahat, Merbok, Kedah, about 23 km from Sungai Petani. It was built to facilitate research and archaeological excavation works as well as a display centre for proto-historical artefacts before the coming of Islam at Bujang Valley.
The museum was opened on 23 January, 1980 by Al-Sultan Almu’tasimu Muhibbuddin Tuanku Alhaj Abdul Halim Mu’adzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah, Sultan Kedah Darul Aman. Archaeological artefacts displayed at the museum were obtained from excavations at sites around 400 km² at Bujang Valley. These artefacts are proof that the area was a trading hub for travellers from the East and West, especially Chinese, Indian and traders from the Malay Archipelago who traded in spices and exotic resources from the rainforests for markets in the Far East since the 5th century.